The CITSEE team is pleased to announce the publication of five new papers in its Working Paper Series on citizenship regimes in post-Yugoslav states.
In the working paper “EU citizenship and the edges of Europe”, Jo Shaw considers the prospects for EU citizenship in the current EU economic and political crisis. The paper contrasts the neglect of the concept of EU citizenship on the part of Member States, including their willingness to trample on many aspects of the free movement principle, with the interest in EU citizenship.
Marko Žilovic’s working paper “Citizenship, Ethnicity, and Territory: the Politics of Selecting by Origin in Post-Communist Southeast Europe” explains variations in preferential naturalisation regimes in post-communist Southeast Europe. The paper focuses on 12 different cases and argues that the politics of selecting by origin in post-communist Southeast Europe has been crucially shaped by differences (a) between old nation-states prone to act as external national homelands, newly emerging nationalizing states, and ethnically divided states; and (b) between the years of ‘thickened history’ in the early post-communist period and the later, politically calmer period after 2000.
The working paper “Europeanisation through mobility: visa liberalisation and citizenship regimes in the Western Balkans” by Simonida Kacarska, on the other hand, examines the implications of the visa liberalisation dialogues which took place between the European Commission and the national governments of the Western Balkans for the citizenship regimes of the countries concerned. Looking both at the formal benchmarking process and through interviews with stakeholders at the national level, the paper traces how the visa liberalisation process affected the status and rights dimension of citizenship in the region.
In the working paper “Territoriality and Citizenship: Membership and Sub-State Polities in Post-Yugoslav Space”, Dejan Stjepanovic deals with the issue of sub-state citizenship in the post-Yugoslav countries and focuses on the emergence and definitions of membership in sub-state polities. The paper analyses conceptions of nationhood and territorial compositions of these states, proceeds with the analysis of sub-state entities’ governance arrangements as a part of the states’ citizenship regimes and compares conceptions of nationhood and membership in state-wide and sub-state polities. The paper identifies four broad categories of sub-state polities and two diverging tendencies in the definition of membership in those.
Finally, Nataša Pantic’s paper, “Citizenship and Education Policies in the post-Yugoslav States” explores interactions between citizenship and education policies in six post-Yugoslav contexts, focusing on group and individual education rights, ethnocentric, multicultural and civic elements of citizenship in education policies, and the extent to which they encourage inclusive or exclusive concepts of citizenship. These interactions are explored by looking at education system structures, language and curricula policies. Universal and consociation education systems are distinguished, with the ethnocentric and exclusive citizenship concepts reflected in the context-dependent status of different minorities, and in the uses of education to perpetuate dominant ethnic groups at different levels. In addition, inclusive elements are highlighted in relation to the improving status of the Roma minority in education.
This brings the number of working papers produced so far by CITSEE researchers and associated scholars to 23, and shows our increased focus on thematic and comparative studies.