The CITSEE team is pleased to announce the publication of three new papers in its Working Paper Series on citizenship regimes in the former Yugoslav states.
In the working paper “The evolution of the Croatian citizenship regime: from independence to EU integration”, Viktor Koska argues that the Croatian case displays almost all of the typical controversies and challenges associated to the former Yugoslavia successor states’ regimes: ethnic engineering through citizenship policies, state exclusion and self exclusion of ethnic minorities from the core citizenry and liberalisation of the citizenship regime in the light of EU integration. By closely scrutinising the citizenship policies relating to two main target groups, the Croatian diaspora and the Serb minority, this paper argues that the Croatian citizenship regime has evolved through two stages of development over the last two decades: the citizenship debate during the first stage was concerned primarily with the ‘status dimension’ while the debate during the second stage moved towards the ‘rights dimensions’ of citizenship.
Working paper “Citizenship in Slovenia: the regime of a nationalising or a Europeanising state?” by Tomaž Deželan draws on a ‘nationalising state’ approach to demonstrate the nature of membership in Slovenia, a polity that emerged on the ruins of the former Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). By considering the influence of the old regime on the incipient conception of citizenship and the nation-building process, the paper depicts the core dynamic in the field for the last two decades. With explorations of the initial determination of citizenry, the regulation of minorities, dual citizens and refugees, popular attitudes, the political elite’s attitudes towards non-ethnic Slovenes, and the impact of Europe, the paper provides evidence for the primacy of an ethno-cultural conception of membership, which is constrained by the embeddedness of the Slovenian citizenship regime within international and supranational frameworks.
Working paper “Citizenship and belonging in Serbia: in the crossfire of changing nationhood narratives” by Jelena Vasiljevic shows how the changing citizenship regimes in Serbia translate the varying narratives and perceptions of nationhood into the realities of political community. Apart from providing necessary historical context, the paper offers an insight into the important themes and topoi of Serbian nationhood narratives and their legal and political emanations, developments in post-2000 Serbia and changes within the legal framing of citizenship status as well as the changes (or, in some respects, only partial changes) in the overall political climate and the way in which the current citizenship regime and dominant political narrative imagine Serbia’s political community and accordingly deal with groups and identities. The last segment of the paper briefly discusses the impact of Europeanisation taken both as a process of a political transformation and as a new emerging transformative discourse.
This brings the number of working papers produced so far by the CITSEE researchers and associated scholars to 17 and, at the same time, marks the completion of the 7 case studies on citizenship regimes in all states that emerged after Yugoslavia. Some of these papers are the first substantial English-language studies of the subject of citizenship in these states.
Having prepared comprehensive papers on the seven existing citizenship regimes across the former Yugoslavia, which are available for free download on the CITSEE website, the CITSEE researchers are also attempting to provide new original analysis of these ever-changing regimes by placing them in a wider European context. Results of these new case studies will be published in a special issue of “Citizenship studies” journal (forthcoming in early 2012) with the aim of giving readers a better understanding of post-Yugoslav citizenship regimes, as seen in their wider political and societal context.