In October 2010, CITSEE researchers Jo Shaw and Igor Stiks presented the CITSEE research at a number of institutions in South Eastern Europe, while travelling around the region making contacts and developing CITSEE’s academic network.
The presentations to students and academic colleagues were held at the Faculty of Political Sciences of the University of Zagreb, the Faculty of Social Sciences and the Faculty of Law (International Forum) of the University of Ljubljana, the Slovene Ethnographical Institute, Ljubljana, and the Faculty of Political Science of the University of Sarajevo. In addition to meetings in these cities, meetings with colleagues were also held in Banja Luka and Tuzla in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The CITSEE team is pleased to announce the publication of the fourteenth paper in its Working Paper Series on citizenship regimes in the former Yugoslav states.
Working paper 2010/14, Lineages of Citizenship in Montenegro, is the result of original research undertaken by CITSEE Researcher Fellow Jelena Dzankic, and builds upon the previous paper published by the same author within our Working Paper Series.
In this paper the author employs Richard Bellamy’s concept of the lineages of citizenship, which analyses the normative aspects of citizenship by looking at interactions between ‘state and society within a given national political community’, in exploring the evolution of citizenship policies in Montenegro. Thus, in unveiling the processes and the context that shaped the Montenegrin citizenship policies at different times, Dzankic examines the active relationship between three major aspects of citizenship: legal, political and identity/emotional.
Following a historical overview of the development of citizenship policies, this paper focuses on the recent political circumstances that have shaped the normative aspects of citizenship. As such, it also triggers questions about what layer of identity the citizenship legislation in fact encapsulates. The final part of the paper examines the multivalence of citizenship in the context of Europeanisation.
On 7 October 2010, the CITSEE team published its 13th working paper, an analysis of the Albanian citizenship regime, by Gezim Krasniqi.
The publication of the working paper marks also Gezim Krasniqi's return to the CITSEE team in Edinburgh, where he will be working as a part time research assistant for the coming years, while undertaking PhD studies in the area of nationalism studies in the School of Social and Political Science at the University. The CITSEE team were delighted to have Gezim back and congratulated him on winning an SPS fees scholarship and a scholarship from the Open Society Institute.
Citizenship in Albania is an interesting case, which is crucial to understanding the post-Yugoslav constellation, although it has been an independent state for more than a century. Key milestones en route to the current citizenship regime include the opening of borders after the end of communism in 1991, which led to a massive wave of emigration. It is only since then, and bearing in mind the significant numbers of Albanians now resident outside the territory, that citizenship has gradually entered the political agenda. The prospect of visa liberalisation in relation to the Schengen zone in late 2010 will represent a further step in the modernisation and Europeanisation of the Albanian state. Gezim's paper provides a detailed account of the current citizenship legislation in Albania, which reflects the country’s attempts to democratise and achieve EU membership.