The 2010 World Convention of the Association for the Study of the Nationalities took place at Columbia University in New York City from 15-18 April, gathering the largest number of researchers in the fields of Balkan, Eastern-European, Russian and Euro-Asian studies.
Among more than 125 panels and 425 scholars, the CITSEE team hosted a panel entitled “Shifting Conceptions of Citizenship and National Identities in Yugoslavia’s Successor States”. The panel was chaired by Prof. Jo Shaw and had Prof. Andrew B. Wachtel of Northwestern University as the discussant. CITSEE post-doctoral fellow Igor Stiks, CITSEE associate researcher Eldar Sarajlic and CITSEE research fellows Ljubica Spaskovska and Gezim Krasniqi presented papers on Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo, during what was one of the most well attended panels at the Convention. The panel inspired a lively debate, revealing a considerable interest in issues of citizenship, their complex nature and relevance to the South-East European context.
Although most of the participants, including the CITSEE team, had to prolong their stay in New York City due to the volcanic ash flight disruptions, the organizers provided assistance for stranded individuals, reconfirming the impression of a fruitful and successful three-day exchange of ideas, knowledge and plans for future academic encounters and endeavors.
On the 27th and 28th May 2010, CITSEE team members Jo Shaw and Igor Stiks, and CITSEE Associate Researcher Eldar Sarajlic, will participate at the workshop entitled ‘Bosnia: looking beyond the institutions’. The workshop is organised by the Institute of European and International Policy at the University of Leuven, in cooperation with ULB. The 2010 workshop is a follow up to a Conference in Geneva in June 2009 on Political Identities and Identity Politics in Bosnia-Herzegovina at which Jo Shaw, Igor Stiks and Eldar Sarajlic also presented papers.
This two-day workshop will focus on the politics of Bosnia-Herzegovina in 2010, fifteen years after Dayton. While the workshop will raise important points related to the governance of the highly complex Bosnian federal structure, the participants will also look beyond the obvious institutional questions and investigate issues of transitional justice, activism, civil society, politics of memory, etc.
Some of the featured panels are: Political identities beyond institutions, Actors for Change, Between nationalism and anti-nationalism, Politics or reconciliation, Between the past and the future. Speakers featured at the panels include: Florian Bieber, Ioannis Armakolas, Jasmina Husanovic, Sead Turcalo, Damir Arsenijevic, as well as CITSEE team members.
The detailed programme with all the papers presented and the abstracts can be found at http://bosniaworkshopbrussels.wordpress.com
The public is welcome to attend this event and participate in the discussion. Registration in advance is required. In order to attend, e-mail Heleen Touquet: firstname.lastname@example.org
On 19-21 March 2010, the Ludwig-Maximilians-University (Munich), supported by the Volkswagen Foundation, organised an international workshop on “Kosovo in the 20th century: exploring prospects for future international scientific cooperation”, which was held at the European Academy in Berlin. The workshop brought together historians and political scientists from Kosovo, Serbia, the EU and the U.S. Against a background of divergent interpretations, this meeting was aimed at taking stock of some of the principal controversies that surround Kosovo´s recent history, map varying perspectives, identify priority issues for research and explore ways to enhance future collaboration within the scholarly community. The ultimate objective, however, is to establish a sustainable research network among European academics and younger researchers in this field.
The first part of the workshop consisted of two plenary sessions: 1. Historical perspectives and 2. Political and legal debates, where discussions on the main research areas, state of the art, and desiderata with regard to Kosovo in the 20th century were briefly introduced by respective panels, followed by a general debate. Most of the debates were centred on Serb-Albanian relations and on Kosovo’s political and legal status. In the second part of the workshop, two disciplinary working groups reviewed and discussed concrete project proposals.
Gëzim Krasniqi, a CITSEE research fellow, was part of the second panel on political and legal debates and presented an overview of the political and legal debates and controversies in Kosovo. His presentation consisted of (a) a short discussion of the academic life and research in Kosovo, its state of arts and shortcomings, (b) overview of the main political and legal topics in Kosovo and the way they are addressed, and (c) discussion of the main desiderata of research and the way forward, with a focus on some of the crucial political and legal issues that defined the 20th century in Kosovo and which need to be addressed thoroughly. An expanded and revised version of this presentation will be published in one of the forthcoming issues of the “Südosteuropa" journal.
The CITSEE team is happy to announce the 7th issue of our working paper series authored by Jo Shaw under the title: “The constitutional mosaic across the boundaries of the European Union: citizenship regimes in the new states of South Eastern Europe”. Jo Shaw is the principal investigator of the CITSEE project and this represents her first research output on “Europeanisation of citizenship” in Yugoslavia’s successor states. It also connects CITSEE to a wider project on European Constitutionalism (see below).
This paper begins by examining the relationship between citizenship of the European Union and national citizenship, and in particular the significance of EU law for the regulation of the acquisition and loss of citizenship in EU Member States, as part of a wider enquiry into how the citizenship regimes of the seven 'successor states' of the former Yugoslavia can be located within a 'constitutional mosaic' of overlapping and sometimes competing legal norms. This is a region which has been profoundly affected not only by the operation of EU law, as each of the states prepares (or has prepared, in the case of Slovenia) for the challenges of accession to the EU, but also by multiple sources of ‘beyond-the-state’ law. The former Yugoslavia represents a classic scenario of fragmentation, disintegration and partial reintegration under the shadow of international and European (Union) law, with the result that we can see clearly the mosaic-like character of the broader constitutional framework which is evolving for these seven states.
Shaw identifies six primary instruments whereby non-state sources of law impact upon the citizenship regimes of these states: compliance with international human rights norms; EU conditionality; direct intervention by international organisations; direct supervision by international organisations; other forms of international pressure; and overlapping citizenship regimes between the successor states. The patterns of the constitutional mosaic will change for the new states of South Eastern Europe, as a result of changes within the EU of an institutional and a legal character, as well as changes to the EU (i.e. the expansion of membership). In Shaw’s view, some of the arrangements discussed in this paper will wither away, but others – such as the ECHR – may remain and develop, as civil and political rights become increasingly intertwined in the case law of the European Court of Justice. As part of a wider task of shifting attention onto the citizenship regimes of these states in the context of processes of Europeanisation as well as polity-building at the state and regional level, Shaw concludes that polity-building and the processes of constructing citizenship regimes will remain closely intertwined for the foreseeable future.
The paper is forthcoming in N. Walker, S. Tierney and J. Shaw (eds.), Europe’s Constitutional Mosaic, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2010.